Joint replacement is a procedure done to remove part or all of the damaged joint and install hardware (called a prosthesis) to enable the limb to move without pain or limitations. The prosthesis can be made of plastic, metal, or ceramic, or a combination of these materials.
These interventional procedures are done to alleviate pain from a compression fracture and fortify structural integrity. During a percutaneous kyphoplasty, the physician uses balloon expansion to create a cavity in the vertebral body.
Also known as total disc replacement or spine arthroplasty, an artificial disc replacement is done to replace a diseased or damaged intervertebral disc with an artificial joint. The goal of the procedure is to relieve chronic back pain.
This minimally invasive procedure is done to remove a herniated or ruptured disc in the neck and relieve spinal cord or nerve root pressure responsible for pain, weakness, numbness, and tingling.
Facet thermal ablation utilizes a laser to deaden the nerve in the facet joint that sends pain signals to the brain. The procedure may be done to treat facet syndrome, facet disease, facet arthritis/hypertrophy, and degenerative facet joints.
This procedure enlarges the area around one of the bones in the spinal column to relieve pressure on compressed nerves.
During a laminotomy, the surgeon makes an incision and removes a small part of the lamina, which is the back part of each vertebra and forms the back wall of the spinal cord. The procedure is done to relieve pressure on the spinal canal and spinal nerves.
A lateral lumbar interbody fusion procedure is done to treat problematic discs in the low back. During the procedure, the surgeon joins two or more bones of the spine to stop painful motion, decompress pinched nerves, and correct scoliosis.
Also known as a microdiscectomy, a microdecompression is done to relieve pressure on a spinal nerve root by removing a part of the bone over the the nerve root and/or the disc material under the nerve root.
This minimally invasive surgical procedure is done to alleviate pressure on the spinal nerve column caused by a herniated lumbar disc. During surgery, the surgeon removes portions of the herniated disc.
A posterior cervical fusion is done for a few reasons:
To stop the motion between two or more vertebrae (or spinal segments)
To straighten the spinal cord and stop the progression of a spinal deformity
To stabilize the spine after a fracture or dislocation of the cervical spine
During sacroiliac joint fusion, the surgeon uses a bone graft and/or instruments to encourage bone growth over the sacroiliac joint and create one immobile unit.
Spinal fusion is done to permanently join two or more vertebrae in the spine. The surgeon may use metal plates, screws, and rods to hold the vertebrae together.
This type of surgery may be necessary for patients suffering from a deformity or misalignment affecting a major portion of the spinal column, such as scoliosis, kyphosis, and spondylolisthesis. Surgery may be done to correct spinal deformities, stabilize the newly shaped spine, and fuse the vertebrae together.
Stabilizing the spine after a fracture can involve removing broken vertebra and replacing them with a plate, screws, or cage.
The treatment plan for each patient with an orthopedic injury varies based on severity. Patients with severe trauma will receive emergency care, while others undergo tests like X-rays, MRI, and CT scans. Treatment options include medication, therapy, reconstructive surgery, joint replacement, or referral to specialty care.